Medical marijuana, is medical cannabis and certain cannabinoids which are legally prescribed by doctors for their terminally ill patients. The primary active ingredient found in medical marijuana is THC or tetrahydrocannabinol, which has been compared to the brain’s neurotransmitter, dopamine. It acts on the same receptors as cocaine or heroin, two substances found in almost all the body’s tissue -Pros and cons of medical marijuana.
The reported side effects of medical marijuana include persistent coughing, shortness of breath, nausea, and a feeling of being detached from one’s surroundings. More serious side effects include psychosis, delusions, hallucinations, and even hallucinations; while some studies show little evidence that marijuana does help reduce chronic pain, many patients do report a reduction in their nausea when taking marijuana. However, this effect may be short-lived as long term use leads to anhedonic psychoses, in which patients have severe disinterest in everyday activities and social situations and a marked reduction in physical function. Although marijuana use is not approved by the FDA, doctors may recommend it under very strict medical supervision for chronic pain associated with diseases like cancer and AIDS, glaucoma, Crohn’s disease, and multiple sclerosis. Smoking marijuana cigarettes, which contain just trace amounts of THC, may also result in similar side effects.
Medical marijuana is a controversial topic in the United States, where doctors hesitate to prescribe it for medical treatment. Some states, like Colorado, have legalized recreational marijuana use; however, the State of California has remained consistent in its opposition to medical use of the drug. Even after the passage of California’s medical marijuana bill in 1996, police departments were still arresting people under suspicion of marijuana possession, despite the law. Although California has since legalized medical use of the drug arrests for non-medical possession continue to make up the greatest percentage of marijuana possession cases.