Since the Greek and Roman times and after the Renaissance, stucco has been used in architectural buildings. It spread across Europe and became common in America gradually. Stucco is made of sand, lime, water and other materials as a finishing plaster. It is a cover for walls and ceilings that is solid, attractive and immune to injury. As it tends to maintain the weather, it is an ideal construction material for hot regions. It is non-combustible and its properties for surface burning include no propagation of fire and no growth of smoke.Do you want to learn more? -check us out on Houzz
There are actually two distinct styles of stucco –
Traditional/Hard Coat Stucco – This is simply stucco mixed with cement. The traditional stucco is robust and capable of withstanding rough conditions. It is porous and breathable, so it dries easily and resists exposure to the water.
Conventionally, with sand and water, lime was used. The mixture has a self-healing ability, since lime is partially soluble. Stuccoes are commonly made up of Portland cement, sand and water at present, resulting in a complicated and brittle range.
The layer is first assembled to add rough coat stucco, accompanied by a metal lath, and then a coat of stucco is added using a trowel. Setting is approved and then another layer is added. A scratch coat, a brown coat and a final coat are typically used in the process (may be colored).
It is also necessary to add stucco to paper and cable. Coats need to be heavier. The wire is hidden by the first coat (scratch coat). As soon as it is mounted, it has to be scratched. The second coat (brown coat) is applied to this coat and the outermost coating is the final coat, as normal.
Synthetic Stucco – A number of houses have been designed using a range of synthetic materials resembling stucco since the 1950s. In order to add resilience and durability, fibers and synthetic acrylics were applied to the cement stucco mixture. However, the plastic stuccoes are less heavy in general and, thus, more vulnerable to a strong hit. Unlike the three-coat conventional models, these are a one-coat stucco method.
EIFS or Exterior Insulation & Finish Systems is the most popular one. They are fixed to the substrate or physically connected to it and normally consist of three layers. A foam insulation board is the innermost sheet, often consisting of polystyrene like content. A base coating applied to a fiberglass mesh is the second sheet, and a polished colored coat is the final layer. Thanks to its quick installation, low cost and better insulation characteristics, it became famous. The only downside is the accumulation of moisture that allows the building to experience water loss.
There are a number of colors/paints of stucco available. Colorants are inorganic pigments that can respond to the cement’s strong pH content. They may either be real, such as Ochers and natural earths, or chemical, such as Iron Oxides produced by man. Natural dyes are untouched by UV rays and are more convenient for our skin. Although, as opposed to imported paints, the number of shades and the tinting intensity is smaller. In the other side, man-made paints provide a broader variety of colours such as dark blues and blacks, as well as distinct earthy tones such as yellow, orange, and red. Owing to the existence of inorganic pigments, they often exhibit excellent UV stability.