Nursing Considerations For Peripheral Vascular Disease

If your patient is on medication, keep an eye on how the medication is working. Examine his legs’ neurovascular status and report any changes in circulation.Do you want to learn more? read in the post

To prevent pressure necrosis, place lamb’s wool between the patient’s toes. Provide wound treatment as needed if he has ulcers. Examine the ulcer for infection signs and symptoms. As guided, apply a dry sterile dressing, a topical antibiotic, or another wound care product to the ulcer.

During the immediate postoperative period, check your patient’s leg for colour, temperature, feeling, movement, and pulses if he has had surgery for peripheral vascular disease. Any lack of pulse should be recorded right away. Check for redness, swelling, and drainage at the incision site.

Every two hours, rotate and reposition your patient. Tell him not to cross his legs and not to bend his hips or knees too far. Attach a footboard to the bed, put a sheepskin under his legs, or put him on an air, pressure, or other special mattress to help with circulation.

Examine the site for bleeding, edoema, ecchymosis, and hematoma if the patient has had percutaneous transluminal angioplasty or another form of surgical catheterization. For the first hour, check his peripheral pulses every 15 to 30 minutes, then every hour for the next four hours, then once every four hours after that. Examine his leg for any unusual colour or temperature changes. Often keep an eye on him for muscle cramps, restless pain, and changes in motor and sensory function. Heparin should be given, his PTT should be monitored, and the infusion rate should be adjusted as required.